Physiotherapy: The Art Of Pain Relief
Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is used to treat injuries and improve movement. With this type of conventional medicine, physiotherapists evaluate, diagnose and treat a number of disorders. Since each case is examined on an individual basis, treatment methods vary. Some of the most common forms of treatment include massages, assistance with mobility devices and heat or electricity stimulation. Physical therapists are an essential part of the rehabilitation process; they even help patients manage their pain.
The Assessment and Diagnosis Process
Most physiotherapists start by assessing a patient’s medical condition. After they have reviewed the patient’s medical history, they perform a physical exam. The physical exam is the best way to observe symptoms that are affecting the patient’s well-being. If necessary, the patient may undergo diagnostic tests to further evaluate the situation. The physical therapist uses the results from these tests to create an effective treatment plan.
Diagnostic tests enable the physiotherapist to know what problems the patient is facing. Some issues are minor. For example, a patient may only have a pulled muscle. With that said, the issues can also be more severe. A patient may have a lack of mobility due to nerve damage. During difficult cases, the physiotherapist can consult with other medical specialists to determine the best course of action.
The Treatment Phase
Results from the assessment are used to create a treatment plan. As a result, treatment is different for each patient. Some patients may only need physical therapy for a few weeks; however, others face ongoing treatment. Both musculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary physiotherapy techniques are used during treatments. Since the field is constantly growing, treatment methods are continuing to evolve.
One of the most popular treatment options is the use of heat to help the muscles relax. Massages are also used for similar purposes. When appropriate, the physical therapist can use mild electric shocks to stimulate the muscles. If a patient is recovering from surgery or an accident, the physiotherapist may choose to use a restrained form of treatment. Treatment that is pushed too fast may cause additional damage; therefore, the physiotherapist must have patience.
Most physical therapists work in a hospital, clinic or private practice. In addition, a small percentage of physical therapists work in nursing or residential care facilities. Physiotherapists also have the option to be self-employed; they can run their own clinic. It is an active job, so physiotherapists must remain on their feet for the majority of the day.
How to Become a Physiotherapist
In order to work in physiotherapy, candidates must earn a graduate degree. The degree must come from an accredited physiotherapy program. When exploring schools, candidates should look for ones that offer a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree. If they want, physiotherapists can specialize even further in the field. For instance, they can choose to work in geriatric care or sports therapy. Once their schooling is complete, the candidates are required to obtain a license. In order to earn the license, they must pass